What are the 3 Types of Plagiarism in Research Work? How to Avoid Plagiarism in Academic Research Papers?

When candidates want to publish their research work in a journal, one of the most worrying things for them is plagiarism.

So, they ask different people about the techniques to avoid plagiarism. Hence, to answer the elephant in the room, let’s discuss how to avoid plagiarism in academic research papers.

What is Plagiarism in Research Work?

People define plagiarism in different ways, but the intent of everyone is the same. So, plagiarism is the act of using someone else’s words, ideas, or material without acknowledging its source.

What are the Different Types of Plagiarism in Research Work?

The types of plagiarism vary from field to field. Some people say there are six types of plagiarism, whereas others agree with two categories of plagiarism.

But there are four (basic) types of plagiarism in academic research: ‘Accidental Plagiarism,’ ‘Direct Plagiarism, ‘Mosaic Plagiarism’ and ‘Self Plagiarism.So, let’s see how each type differentiates from the other one.

1.    Accidental Plagiarism:

The type of plagiarism in which a user forgets to cite the reference or source of information is known as Accidental Plagiarism.

Although this plagiarism type is unintentional, the consequences are the same as any other kind of plagiarism.

2.    Direct Plagiarism:

The type of plagiarism in which a candidate copies the content from a source with no referencing or citation is known as Direct Plagiarism.

No matter which type of writing form a user is dealing with, direct plagiarism is the most common.

3.    Mosaic Plagiarism:

When a student uses wrong paraphrasing techniques to paraphrase the content from a source of information, it is known as Mosaic Plagiarism.

Mosaic Plagiarism also occurs if someone copies a famous phrase in his content without using double inverted quotations.

This plagiarism technique is most common amongst the students because, generally, they are not familiar with the correct paraphrasing techniques.

4.    Self-Plagiarism:

The plagiarism technique in which the writer or author reuses his previously submitted or published content is known as Self Plagiarism.

People may not know that writers consider self-plagiarism as another kind of plagiarism. Hence, avoiding such type of plagiarism in research papers should be mandatory.

Why Should You Avoid Plagiarism?

Plagiarism, whether it is intentional or accidental, has the same consequences. But if a student is dealing with a research paper, the effects of plagiarism become more severe because research papers are directly linked to a candidate’s job application. So, a plagiarized research paper not only ruins the repute of the candidate but also costs him the job position he wants to secure.

Moreover, if a candidate wants to publish a research paper with plagiarized material, his research paper will get rejected.

Hence, this is the reason for understanding the importance of plagiarism and everything a candidate can do to avoid plagiarism.

Now, let’s discuss the 7 ways to avoid plagiarism.

How to Avoid Plagiarism in Academic Research Papers?

1.    Avoid Copying Figures and Illustrations:

Most candidates are unaware of the plagiarism that occurs through using copied images or illustrations from already published research papers. Hence, when the students use the copied pictures and graphs in their research papers, the plagiarism detectors detect the plagiarism and shock the students. Thus, to avoid such situations, students can design the images, graphs and illustrations using tools like Google Drawings or Microsoft Visio.

*** Important: Students can use the theme of the images from the published papers. But copying the graphs and pictures as-it-is will be considered plagiarism ***

2.    Write the Material Using Proper Citing and Paraphrasing Techniques:

Like the images, candidates can take the theme of the material while exploring their research paper topics on the internet. However, duplicating the content will be considered plagiarism. Hence, to avoid this, candidates can use academic-dedicated paraphrasing tools, like Paraphraser.io. This way, they can create unique content without putting in much effort.

But despite proper paraphrasing, citing the sources of information is mandatory. So, students can use EndNote, Mendeley,” “RefWorks,or Zoteroto properly cite the references in research papers. Otherwise, even the paraphrased content will fall under the umbrella of plagiarism.

Is Choosing “PARAPHRASER.io” for Paraphrasing the Content Worth it?

Here are some ‘Positives’ and ‘Negatives’ of the “PARAPHRASER.io” to prove whether it is worth using or not for content paraphrasing.

This tool is entirely freeDespite having three paraphrasing modes, the content will need tweaks to make it user-friendly
Students prefer “PARAPHRASER.io” for paraphrasing their academic content because it has a set of other tools that will be useful in academia. Some of those tools are: Article RewritingCitation GeneratingGrammar CheckingPlagiarism CheckingText Summarizing 
“PARAPHRASER.io” prioritizes the needs of users because it has three paraphrasing modes: Creative – this mode works on the uniqueness of the content by replacing the dull words with fancy idioms and termsFluency – this mode works on the readability of the content and focuses on creating fluent academic materialStandard – this mode uses standard paraphrasing parameters to create unique content for its users 
Working on research papers is universal academic stuff. So, the support of 12 languages of “PARAPHRASER.io” will come in handy 
Although the entire interface of the tool is easy to understand, if someone needs any help, he can consult the ‘Blog’ section of the website. 
“PARAPHRASER.io” gives the option of uploading the document file from the local storage or directly copying-pasting the content to paraphrase it 

3.    Don’t Forget the Importance of Double Inverted Quotations:

When it comes to the readability of the content, no paraphrasing tool is powerful enough to create human-readable content without some additional tweaks.

But sometimes, paraphrasing the material ruins the actual meaning of the content.

So, in such situations, instructors allow the students to copy the necessary information from a published paper and enclose it in double inverted quotations.

However, students will have to cite the references even after confining the copied info in double inverted quotes.

4.    Keep Track of the Sources:

Students can get carried away while writing the material of a research paper. This behavior could result in students forgetting about the sources from which they have taken the information.

So, to avoid such mistakes, students should keep track of the sources from which they are using the material.

This way, the candidate will not forget any references. Hence, it is an excellent technique for avoiding plagiarism in research paper writing.

5.    Do not Cite the Common Knowledge:

Whether the candidate has taken the idea from a book, journal, blog, or website, he should cite the reference properly. However, citing all the information is unnecessary because it will damage the quality of the research paper.

A common practice regarding citing in research papers is “don’t cite the common knowledge. For example, if a candidate has read somewhere that the “sky is blue, he doesn’t have to cite the source of this information.

6.    Prefer Using Original Writing:

The most obvious technique to avoid plagiarism while writing a research paper is using original writing.

If someone is writing a research paper about any topic, he will gather proper knowledge before starting the writing procedure of the research paper.

Hence, the candidate can write his observations and point of view about his research topic in his own words.

This way, candidates can avoid all kinds of plagiarism except unintentional plagiarism.

7.    Use Verified or Recommended Plagiarism Detectors:

When a candidate checks the plagiarism of his research work by using free plagiarism detectors, most of them provide inaccurate plagiarism percentages. Therefore, students should not rely on those plagiarism tools.

Students can ask their instructors about the recommended plagiarism tools and the least amount of plagiarized content. This way, it will be easier for them to avoid plagiarism in research paper writing.

*** Pro Tip: It is a good practice to keep the plagiarism of a research paper in single figures (under 10%) ***

Another way of avoiding plagiarism while writing research papers is using Turnitin or iThenticate. These two tools are amongst the most popular plagiarism detectors for academic usage.

Final Verdict:

Plagiarism is prohibited in any form of writing. But its consequences are even worse in the research paper and academic writing.

So, writers should avoid plagiarism at any cost and the techniques discussed in the “how to avoid plagiarism in academic research papers” guide will prove helpful in such regard.

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