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TIP #108 - This tip was sent on the week: 17th - 23th Sep, 2006

108 Location Adverbs with the Preposition "DE"

This tip applies to the following programs:

• ESI Professional

In Spanish, location adverbs are usually constructed according to the following structure: Adverb (as such) or adverbial phrase + the preposition “de” + nominal nucleus to which the adverb refers.


For example (using first and third person pronouns):

  • encima de mí / de usted;
  • arriba de mí / de usted;
  • debajo de mí / de usted;
  • delante de mí / de usted;

and so forth.


Nevertheless, being that the preposition ‘de’ also defines ownership, many native Spanish speakers interpret adverbial phrases of this type as qualifying for ownership pronouns: “delante mío/ suyo”, “detrás mío/suyo”, “encima mío/suyo”. In more formal writing, these forms are considered spurious or illegitimate.


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