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TIP #57 - This tip was sent on the week: 11th - 17th Sept, 2005

This tip applies to the following programs:

  • ESI Professional
  • TDT Professional

How to Add A New Word to the Dictionaries - Part VIII - Noun Phrases: Summary


Below are some tips which will help you identify when a new phrase that you want to add the dictionary has to be tagged as Noun:

  1. When the phrase consists of a series of nouns:
    Example: computer graphic interface system
  2. When the phrase ends with a noun and starts either with an article or an adjective or a combination of the two:
    Example: the affluent society
  3. When a Spanish phrase starts with the neutral article “lo”.
    Example: lo más bello = the most beautiful thing.
  4. When a phrase starts with an adverb, followed by an adjective and ends with a noun, or just a combination adverb-noun.
    Example: most inaccessible places, far reaches
  5. When you can pluralize the phrase.
    Example: best bet, best bets
  6. When you can place an article in front of it.
    Example: the far reaches
  7. When you can place an adjective or noun-adjective in front of it.
  8. When the phrase starts with a noun phrase followed by a preposition and then followed by another noun or noun phrase.
    Example: the best friend of my brother in law
  9. When the phrase starts with a noun phrase and ends with an infinitive verb.
    Example: the best thing to do
  10. When the phrase starts with a noun phrase and ends with an auxiliary phrase preceded by the relative pronoun “that”.
    Example: the best thing that you can do.

Each one of these constructions can be entered as a single entry into the Word Magic dictionary or into ESI and tagged as “noun”. With that tag alone, ESI will recognize and accept the entry together with its corresponding translation, whenever it appears in your text.


Below is a summary of all the other specifications that we have discussed in Tips # 51 through 55.

  1. Enter the noun phrase as “both gender” in Spanish when the noun refers to a person and you want its English translation to be the same for both genders, masculine and feminine.
    Example: enfermero (enfermera) = nurse.
  2. Enter the noun phrase in feminine only when you want its translation to be different when it is feminine.
    Example: obrera= woman laborer
  3. Enter the noun phrase in “neutral gender” when its Spanish feminine is spelled the same as its masculine.
    Example: cantante = singer. Note: “cantante” can be either a man (el cantante) or a woman (la cantante).
  4. Enter your noun phrase in singular only, unless it means something else when in plural. In those cases, you would have to enter two entries.
    Example: angustia=anguish; angustias= anxiety
  5. Enter your noun phrase without a preceding article unless the meaning is different or very particular when it has an article.
    Example: the Establishment.
  6. All entries have to be entered in lower case letters, except those which are normally written in upper case, like proper names, cities and acronyms.
    Example: peter & Peter, cat & CAT, in & IN. In these cases ESI will pick the one with the case letter matching your text.
  7. Make sure that your phrase is actually a noun, syntactically. Follow all the 10 clues given above.

Word Magic Software will gladly give you proper assistance in case you have any doubts on a particular phrase. Just send an email to [email protected] for a free consultation.

NOTE: To view an index of all tips click here. To download the complete collection of tips click here.

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