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TIP #56 - This tip was sent on the week: 4th - 10th Sept, 2005

This tip applies to the following programs:

  • ESI Professional

How to Add A New Word to the Dictionaries - Part VII - More on Noun Phrases


Below are some more tips which will help you add nouns and noun phrases:

  • You have to enter the noun phrase in singular form. It is not necessary to enter the plural nor feminine forms because ESI will take care of pluralizing the entry in case your Spanish text contains the word in singular, or vice versa, of de-pluralizing the English translation in case your text includes it in plural form.

That is, if your text says “Tengo dos babuchas” , ESI will translate “I have two galoshes”, or “I have two rubber shoes used to protect feet from water”


The reverse translation will also hold. ESI will de-pluralize the noun phrase in English and find the corresponding (singular) entry in the dictionary, and then pluralize its translation.

  • All entries have to be entered in lower case letters, except those which are normally written in upper case, like proper names, cities and acronyms. ESI will pick up an entry in Capital Letters as a first choice if the text is capitalized. For instance: If your text contains Man (in capital letters) ESI will translate it as “el Hombre (mankind)”, instead of the default first meaning “hombre (individual man)”. Another example: if you enter “IN” (in capital letters), ESI will pick up Indiana, instead of the preposition “in”.
  • All both-gender Spanish entries have to be entered in masculine, except those which have a different translation when converted to feminine. For instance: “obrero = laborer” can be written in both genders and it will always be translated as “laborer,” even if your text says “obrera”. If you prefer “woman laborer” instead as your default translation, then you should enter “obrero = laborer” as masculine only, and then “obrera = woman laborer” as feminine.
  • All noun entries should be entered without the preceding article. If you enter a noun with the article in front it will always take precedence over other similar noun entries without the article. This is because ESI will always favor phrases over single-word entries.
  • You can include the preceding article only in those cases where it is typically attached to the phrase, to distinguish it from other similar entries. For instance “the Abolition” (meaning the abolition of slavery), or The Administration (meaning the Government).

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