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TIP #126 - This tip was sent on the week: 25th Feb - 3th Mar, 2007

126

English-Spanish “False friends”

 

This tip applies to the following programs:

• ESI Professional

These words have a similar form, but their meanings are not equivalent.

Sometimes it’s just a matter of nuances, but some other cases are not related at all.

 

English

Means

NO means

abstract

in bibliography: resumen, extracto

“abstracto”. In Spanish an adjective only, not a noun.

actual

verdadero, real

“actual” (current)

actually

en realidad, de verdad, realmente

“actualmente” (nowadays)

advice

consejo

“aviso” (notice, warning)

America

Estados Unidos

“América” (the Americas)

annotate

comentar

“anotar” (write down, register)

apparent

evidente, notorio, obvio

“aparente” (onstensible, presumptive, superficial)

application

solicitud

“aplicación”

apply

solicitar (inscripción)

“aplicar”

argument

discusión

“argumento” (plot)

army

ejército

“armada” (navy, naval forces)

assist

ayudar

“asistir” (attend)

associate

socio

“asociado” (member, affiliated person, adjunct)

attend

asistir

“atender” (tend, help, serve / pay attention)

balance

equilibrio, balanza / saldo

“balance” (assessment)

basement

sótano

“basamento” (plinth, base of a column)

bizarre

rarísimo, estrambótico

“bizarro” (brave / generous)

camp

campamento

“campo” (field / countryside)

candid

franco, sincero

“cándido” (innocent, naive)

capital (letter)

(letra) mayúscula

 “capital”

capture

captar

“capturar” (seize, catch)

carpet

alfombra

“carpeta” (folder, file, cover / briefcase)

collar

cuello

“collar” (necklace)

college

universidad

colegio (school, high school)

command

orden

“comando” (commando)

complexion

tez, cutis

“complexión” (physical build, body type)

compulsory

obligatorio

“compulsivo” (of or related to a psychological compulsion)

conductor

director (musical) / cobrador (en un bus)

“conductor” (driver / show host)

consist of

constar de

“consistir en” (comprise, lie within)

constipation

estreñimiento

“constipado” (a cold, a chill)

contention

contienda, controversia

“contención” (restraint, retention)

contest

refutar, impugnar / luchar por, competir por

“contestar” (answer)

character

personaje

“carácter” (nature, kind)

criminal conversation

adulterio

“conversación criminal” makes no much sense in Spanish

deception

engaño

“decepción” (disappointment)

deputy

suplente, sustituto, auxiliar

“diputado” (member of Parliament)

disgrace

deshonra, vergüenza

“desgracia” (misfortune, misadventure, tragedy)

disgust

asco

“disgusto” (upset, irritation, annoyance)

diversion

distracción, desviación

“diversion” (recreation, entertainment, fun)

elaborate

complicado, complejo, detallado

“elaborado” (made, prepared)

embarrass

avergonzar

“embarazar” (impregnate, make pregnant)

enlarge

agrandar, ampliar

“alargar” (lengthen)

enter

introducir, meter, poner

“entrar” (go in, come in)

eventual

definitivo, final

“eventual” (incidental, prospective)

eventually

finalmente, tarde o temprano

“eventualmente” (possibly)

excited

emocionado

“excitado” (aroused)

exit

salida

“éxito” (success, hit)

extravagant

derrochador

extravagante (outlandish, eccentric)

fabricate

inventar, falsear, falsificar

“fabricar” (manufacture)

facilities

instalaciones /medios, herramientas

facilidades (easiness)

faculty

profesorado, personal docente

“facultad” (department, school)

fastidious

quisquilloso, melindroso

“fastidioso” (bothersome)

font

tipo (de letra)

“fuente” (source)

form

fórmula, formulario, hoja impresa

“forma” (shape)

genial

cordial, amable, atento

“genial” (brilliant / great, nice)

gracious

lujoso / cortés, atento

“gracioso” (funny)

idiom

modismo

“idioma” (language)

ingenuity

inventiva, ingenio

“ingenuidad” (naivety)

intend

proponerse

“intentar” (try)

involve

implicar, involucrar

“envolver” (wrap, envelope)

large

grande

“largo” (long)

lavatory

sanitario, retrete

“lavatorio” (washbasin)

lecture

conferencia, disertación, clase

“lectura” (reading)

library

biblioteca

“librería” (bookstore)

luxury

lujo

“lujuria” (lust, lavishness)

major

principal, significativo, importante

“mayor” (larger, greater, bigger / older)

media

medios

“media” (sock, stocking / average)

misery

tristeza, sufrimiento

“miseria” (pauperism / pittance)

monitor

supervisar, vigilar, controlar, guiar, dirigir

“monitorear”

notice

anuncio, aviso / letrero

“noticia” (news, piece of news)

offense

delito, infracción

“ofensa” (insult, affront)

parents

padres

“parientes” (relatives)

 

   
 

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